Pigmentary Disorders

Hyper means excess and pigment refers to color, so hyperpigmentation just means excess color in comparison to your normal skin color for particular ethnic skin. These include light brown to darker brown or black color.

While pigment abnormalities can occur at any age and on any part of the body, they become accelerated in aging due to a breakdown of melanin production. Sun exposure makes the color darker. Melanin is a color pigment found in the skin and gives the skin its normal color for that ethnic group. The number of melanocytes in the black skin is the same as non-black skin but they are more active and produce melanin more readily.  Asians and Hispanics suffer more from them than any other ethnic group.

Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

High risk population for hyperpigmentation are Fitzpatrick skin types IV to VI. Black skins where melanin present not only in the basal cell layer but also in the stratum corneum have high tendency to inflammation. It's believed that inflammation stimulates the process of melanogenesis (melanin granules production) It's therefore very important not to use forceful comedone extraction.


Flat, dark sometimes blotchy pigment marks on forehead, cheeks and chin.

Melasma is caused from hormonal changes induced during pregnancy or contraceptive pills. When these pigments are dermal-based, treatments for them are not very successful.

Age Spots

Discoloration of the skin that is flat aka freckles or lentigines. Sometimes linked with a genetic disposition, increasing in number and size during pregnancy or sun exposure and fading during winter months. Although these harmless groupings of pigments (color-containing cells) may fade over a period of time, they are areas of damaged skin and will never completely disappear. As you age your skin get's thinner which heightens the visibility of age spots. Lentigines are larger then freckles, usually darker in color and don't fade in the winter

IPL Skin rejuvenation is the best therapy to get results.


Keratoses refers to the access production of keratinised cells or hyperplasia. The main characteristic of keratoses are soft or hard keratinised cells in various forms.

Seborrheic Keratosis

Skin lesions small to large in size originated in epidermis. Very common during middle age or later years. They appear warty, pigmented, (dirty yellow to black), scaly and flat in shape.

Most common on the back, face, scalp and chest

Sun Keratosis

Hyperpigmented dry and hard lesions with rough texture. Repeated episodes of scaling occurs after sun exposure.


Fibromas are non-malignant tumors composed of fibrous tissue that can be flat or raised. Skin tags are considered small fibromas, and the texture and color of large fibromas are different from normal skins because they are darker in color with a more fibrous texture.

Like their smaller counterparts skin tags, they can be removed easily with the Lam Probe by cutting off their attachment to the skin's surface.


Benigh overgrowth of fibrous tissue that developed from injury or trauma such as insect bites, piercing, surgical wounds and post inflammatory acne. In the process of healing collagen fibres respond to the trauma too rapidly, resulting in abnormal growth of tissues. Irregular shaped, may be tender and painful.

Sebaceous Lesions


Plugs of serum covered with layers of stratum cornified cells. Found in the facial area on oily or dry skins. Medi-Peels or microdermabrasion can prevent their formation


Blackheads are usually caused by oils in the pores which become oxidized and turn black. Whiteheads are simply plugs of dead cells that have grown over a pore opening. They are caused by poor skin exfoliation and are found in both oily and dry skins.

Clinical Skin Clear aka LamProbe can dry them instantly as there are oils suppressed underneath the dead cells.

Sebaceous Cyst

Lesions associated with acenic skin and occurs when the sebaceous duct breaks down and leaks oil into the deeper dernis leading to phagocytic action.

Cholesterol deposits

Soft yellowish plaques of lipids usually found in the periobital (around eyes) area. They are very tiny to medium in size and some may be raised

Vascular Lesions

They appear in different forms, may be hereditary or caused from constant exposure to blood stimulants eg alcohol, caffeine, hot drinks, exercises, spicy foods drugs, sun exposure.

Broken capillaries - telangiestasia

Tiny congealed blood vessels are commonly found on the nose, checks and chin, particularly in thin, sensitive skins. Those who suffer from allergies and practice poor lifestyle regime of alcohol, smoking and eating excessive spicy foods are more likely to develop broken capillaries. They can be hereditary and if found on the legs, they can be caused from habitually crossing the legs or wearing very tight stockings or jeans which impairs blood circulation.

Broken capillaries are very simple to remove and many of them can be treated in one or more sessions by IPL vascular treatments or Lam Probe. Larger broken capillaries or vessels on the legs need to sclerotherapy, a medical procedure.

IPL skin rejuvenation is the best for outstanding results.

Clinical Skin Clear aka LamProbe can dry them instantly as there are oils suppressed underneath the dead cells.

Cherry Angioma

Cherry-red to purple colour, this tumor of unknown origin that appears most frequently after age 40. Cherry Angiomas are the most common vascular lesions to appear on human skin. They are made up of clusters of dilated capillaries on the surface of the skin, which accounts for the cherry-red or purple color. No one knows exactly what causes them.

Melbourne MOLE clinic uses IPL vascular treatment or Clinical Skin Clear (aka LamProbe) to get rid of them

Blood spots - hemangiomas

Blood spots can be small or large concentrations of blood which can be flat or raised and they are commonly found on the neck or décolleté area. They are believed to be a disorder of the circulatory system and although young adults may have them, they do not place priorities on their removal until they become older.